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United States Army Center of Military History - Wikipedia
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.The center is responsible for the appropriate use of history and military records throughout the United
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He had hardly played two bars, however, when the listeners turned and looked at each other with surprise and indignation. However, the number of these current players pales in comparison to the vast numbers of players a century and more ago when the inexpensive german concertina, one of the earliest affordable mass-produced consumer musical instruments, held a position in many working class homes that is similar to that of the guitar or stereo system of today. The popularity enjoyed by the anglo in 19th century america amongst immigrants, sailors, mormon pioneers, minstrel musicians, salvationists and others was not to last.
A parade at a salvation army tent meeting, with anglo concertinists leading the musicians. Although the irish are known for their long folk memory, the story of how of concertina playing began there has been largely lost it is often tagged to a threadbare tale of mariners bringing them up the shannon estuary to clare. Tunes include blaydon races, dannish waltz, dorset four hand reel,family jig, galopede, greensleeves, harry coxs schottisch, keel row,shepton mallet hornpipe, the man in the moon, three around three, and winster galop.
Finally, although the people described below are clearly not immigrants, it may be worth noting that in the 19th century the popular anglo concertina reached all the way to the most remote settlements in north america, where the native aleut people hunted seal in southwestern alaska. The instrument was already popular in the us at the time of the mormon migration, and native-born american converts would have purchased theirs locally. Phoebus hunt was posted by peter laban in a thread entitled old concertina recordings on the forum section of , march 9, 2006.
It was into this simmering cauldron that the two relatively new instruments, english and anglo-german, arrived, and they soon found their respective places on the social ladder. The concertina was not unknown to black musicians of the 19th century, as the photo of the civil war era black youth in , taken from a late 19th century newspaper, shows that the concertina was used in early black string band music as well. Or perhaps they were just too new for example, electric guitars are today mostly unwelcome in irish music.
Her father played the anglo, like many sa members at that time ( during the late 19th century, the anglo seems to have been the concertina of choice in the salvation army. This article attempts to weave a basic history of its use in the us from these scattered and diverse sources. The post-war folk and traditional music revival in the british isles was a complexphenomenon which involved more than just the simple rediscovery and promotion ofneglected music and song.
An 1875 minstrel entertainment in new orleans as well as other towns in the south included an appearance by john d. The concertina was frequently mentioned in other public settings in a way that demonstrates that the instrument was somewhat iconic in addition to being commonplace. Jody also plays for contras, and has experimented with old time american music, releasing a cd of this in 2007 ( ). Merris has observed that two tutors by howe, this one along with , were between them the direct source for 208 of the 250 tunes in paul de ville, (1975), which together were two of the best-selling anglo tutors in the united states throughout the twentieth century, thus extending howes influence foranother hundred years. After the anglo had passed out of american popular use, a brief review of a newly released silent movie appeared in a 1921 virginia newspaper a real old-fashioned barn dance with real old-fashioned music furnished by a mouth organ, concertina and fiddler is one of the opening scenes in roads of destiny, a big new goldwyn picture.
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A Brief History of the Anglo Concertina in the United States
The tunes which follow are generally more demanding than those of howes books, and have been thoughtfully adapted to the anglo. After a performance at the park theatre in new york city in 1877, it was reported that the two performers manage to sustain an air upon half a dozen different instruments during the execution of some difficult salutatory feats, all of which convinces the gallery that a great deal of muscular energy is needed for the perfect illustration of high art. The harry ransom humanities research center at the university of texas at austin provided access to their extensive collection of minstrel show material, including the photograph of fields and hoey. Merris, squeezing out music a good story about the presidenthis majesty likened to a concertina, chris timson and steve jardine, musical mormonsthe concertina proves invaluable!, (newsletter of the international concertina association), no. They are most pleased with sad, wailing tunes, such as lorena, the old cabin home and the like.
The blacks also, of course, introduced tunes from their own backgrounds. Booths third son herbert played the anglo (see below), as did second son ballington, who was commandant in the us during the period 1891-1896. Thus began a social divide between users of these two instruments that persisted throughout the nineteenth century in the us. Although irish emigration to the us had long since waned by the time of the revival, smaller numbers of irish immigrants such as fr. The concertina was often mentioned as a central part of the armys musical activities an example is this report of an 1888 gathering in new york city blood washed warriors make converts and noise in everett hallan address by commandant booth.
Many tunes known in the irish repertoire as hornpipes or polkas are shown in as reels, and even those tunes shown as hornpipes are typically played by american fiddlers as reels ( ). Although there are no recordings of the anglo-german concertina players of this period, a good idea of the capabilities of the instrument for traditional dance music can be had by listening to a recording of micho doyle, of county clare, ireland, made in the 1960s. An earth scientist by training, he holds a ph. Many were immigrants from england, wales, scotland and ireland, and some of them brought their concertinas with them,along with fiddles, wooden flutes, and melodeons, as they emigrated by sea and then overland. The date of arrival of the first anglo in the us is not precisely known, but by 1846 a first tutor for the german concertina had been published by elias howe ( ), the same year that a first tutor for it had been published in england by carlo minasi ( the period from the late 1840s to about 1900 was the heyday of this instrument in the us during this period at least twenty-three anglo tutors were published in the us, versus only three for the period from 1900-1950, and only four during the period 1951 to 2006. English system was favored in the parlors of well-to-do americans, the much less expensive anglo was owned by working class folk, was played in dance halls and in the street, and was subject to the condescension of the elite. Could the sins of the citys debauching, carousing, chastity-destroying thousands be transmuted into sound, they would rise to high heaven from pits of hell with the tremendous roar of a kansas cyclone, to awe and put to rout those whose ears are now so finely attuned to the commercial world as to be jarred by the clang of a salvationists cymbal. In the present day salvation army, neither is frequently played. By 1851, regular performances of classical and semi-classical music were given in new york by alfred b. It is well known that the distinctive back-beat rhythmof the old time string band musical style originated in the 18th and early 19th century with enslaved black musicians, who played the english and irish tunes of their masters during plantation and other social dances, but with a distinctly african rhythm.Overview of the history of anglo concertina in the United States of America, including its use by immigrants, african americans, western settlers including the Mormons, and its later symbolic value in popular culture.
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It was written in 1896 that in philadelphias little italy quarter, every other house has a concertina or accordion. The concertina was often mentioned as a central part of the armys musical activities an example is this report of an 1888 gathering in new york city blood washed warriors make converts and noise in everett hallan address by commandant booth. Nonetheless, they all had a vague shared memory that perhaps that western setting might be right for an anglo and as the above discussion documents, these instruments really played for dances that occurred in covered wagon days. Voce recordings are distributed by irish books, 580 broadway, room 1103,new york, ny 10012. In 1892, the primrose and west minstrels included performances in omaha by musical dale, who showed what he could do with hand bells, concertina, banjo, and a few strings of sleigh bells Buy now History dissertation help United States
Small pockets of now-termed traditional players survived in the rural west of ireland and in isolated parts of england, australia, and south africa. George jones, an annotated catalogue of historic european free-reed instruments from my private collection a very important paper describing nineteen instruments which illustrate key points in the development of european free-reed instruments, with large color photographs. . Ferrel on fiddle, stuck to a mostly american palette, and explored american, irish and eastern european genres. Hath charms, diane winton, all the worlds a stage the performed religion of the salvation army, 18801920,in stewart m.
Some of these pioneers were also active in the indian wars, and at a reunion in 1907 for aged veterans of those wars one w History dissertation help United States Buy now
His columbia and victor phonograph recordings of 1926-27, made in camden new jersey, comprise the earliest known recordings of irish music on the anglo concertina. This booklet is devoted exclusively to chordingon the anglo concertina. It is not known how many irish immigrants played concertinas in the nineteenth century, but clearly some did. Merris, and wes williams new information about charles jeffries and all of his family that participatedin the concertina making business. In 1892, the primrose and west minstrels included performances in omaha by musical dale, who showed what he could do with hand bells, concertina, banjo, and a few strings of sleigh bells.
No english system concertinas were included the term english concertinas refers to english-made anglos Buy History dissertation help United States at a discount
Starting with ragtime, and continuing with tin pan alley and broadway melodies, jazz, rhythm and blues, and extending into and beyond rock and roll, american popular music frequently added notes not playable on a two row anglo-german concertina (and somewhat awkwardly playable on a three row anglo-chromatic). A few days ago booth-tuckers salvation army barracks were branded as a disorderly house, because all night religious services were marked by a volume of noise that rendered it impossible for occupants of neighboring houses to sleep. He reported that he met the seamen coming down canning street from the ship, playing dixies land on a fife, concertina, and cornopeon cornet, and they all took the woodside ferry boat for liverpool Buy Online History dissertation help United States
Many other quality builders of anglostyle concertinas have set up shop in the last thirty years in england, ireland, the netherlands, australia, china, italy and south africa, joining remaining traditional builders in england and germany. Part of this growth of interest in the anglo seems to be nostalgia for things traditional and part is due to the new global digital environment, where information is much more available for widely-scattered and isolated players of now-fringe instruments like the anglo. In his introductory comments, sedgwick commented although inferior in all respects to the english concertina it is capable of producing a muchbetter class of music than has been generally supposed Buy History dissertation help United States Online at a discount
The german concertina was invented in 1834 by carl friedrich uhlig, in chemnitz germany. On a chicago passenger railway car in 1893, in wandered a little italian boy with a concertina of his own accord he pulled the concertina out to its widest extent and began tar-ra-ra boom-de-ay. General booths daughter evangeline (1865-1950) was at several times photographed with a jeffries anglo-chromatic instrument ( ). Words like concertina wire (starting during world war i), concertina-pleated skirts, and the maidenform concertina girdle (both in the 1950s) evoked a shared memory of the bellows function. In an 1894 meeting of the new irish musical union in new york, it was stated that the object of the union is to revive and preserve irish music History dissertation help United States For Sale
English-born john roberts and tony barrand perform english traditional music in new england using anglo and english system concertinas. There he stopped to take a breath and the german professor looked down at him from the platform in an enquiring way. Boyce threw a concertina at his ed, and locked the door and ollered murder. By this time, usage of the instrument in its 19th century heyday in america had fully receded from living memory. As most of the mormons were people of modest means, german and anglo-german instruments would have been the most common (such as the one depicted in in 1862, a concert at the then-new mormon tabernacle in salt lake city boasted two hundred vocal and instrumental performers in a popular concert that included anthems, quartettes, trios, duets, songs, readings, pianoforte, harmonium, and concertina solos For Sale History dissertation help United States
The concertina is a much-favored instrument in county clare, ireland, and a few players there bridge the gap in time between the instruments heyday in the late nineteenthearly twentieth century and the current revival, which began in the 1970s. An 1875 minstrel entertainment in new orleans as well as other towns in the south included an appearance by john d. New york, and an anglo played by an old-timer added period atmosphere to a scene in a ferry terminal. The costumed waif was commander evangeline booth, head of the u. The frequency of appearance of concertinas in such descriptions indicates that they were commonplace (and sometimes mistaken for accordions by careless reporters).
To ladies it is particularly recommended for its extreme elegance and portability, as also on account of its being the only wind instrument at their command Sale History dissertation help United States
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